Glossary

  • Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs): Micro, small and medium enterprises as defined in the Commission Recommendation 2003/361/EC and as implemented by the SME Act of the Republic of Bulgaria.
  • Mid-Cap Companies: Enterprises with less than 3,000 employees but complying to the other financial conditions of being an SME.
  • Article 1, paragraphs 1 of Reg. 1998/2006This Regulation applies to aid granted to undertakings in all sectors, with the exception of:
    (a) aid granted to undertakings active in the fishery and aquaculture sectors, as covered by Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000;
    (b) aid granted to undertakings active in the primary production of agricultural products as listed in Annex I to the Treaty;
    (c) aid granted to undertakings active in the processing and marketing of agricultural products as listed in Annex I to the Treaty, in the following cases:
    (i) when the amount of the aid is fixed on the basis of the price or quantity of such products purchased from primary producers or put on the market by the undertakings
    concerned, (ii) when the aid is conditional on being partly or entirely
    passed on to primary producers;
    (d) aid to export-related activities towards third countries or Member States, namely aid directly linked to the quantities exported, to the establishment and operation of a distribution network or to other current expenditure linked to the export activity;
    (e) aid contingent upon the use of domestic over imported goods;
    (f) aid granted to undertakings active in the coal sector, as defined in Regulation (EC) No 1407/2002;
    (g) aid for the acquisition of road freight transport vehicles granted to undertakings performing road freight transport for hire or reward;
    (h) aid granted to undertakings in difficulty.
  • Article 1, paragraphs 2-6 of Reg. 800/2008: This Regulation shall not apply to the following categories of aid:
    (a) aid to export-related activities, namely aid directly linked to the quantities exported, to the establishment and operation of a distribution network or to other current costs linked to the export activity;
    (b) aid contingent upon the use of domestic over imported goods.
    3. This Regulation shall apply to aid in all sectors of the economy with the exception of the following:
    (a) aid favouring activities in the fishery and aquaculture sectors, as covered by Council Regulation (EC) No 104/2000 (1), except for training aid, aid in the form of risk capital, aid for research and development and innovation and aid for disadvantaged and disabled workers;
    (b) aid favouring activities in the primary production of agricultural products, except for training aid, aid in the form of risk capital, aid for research and development, environmental aid, and aid for disadvantaged and disabled workers to the extent that these categories of aid are not covered by Commission Regulation (EC) No 1857/2006;
    (c) aid favouring activities in the processing and marketing of agricultural products, in the following cases:
    (i) when the amount of the aid is fixed on the basis of the price or quantity of such products purchased from primary producers or put on the market by the undertakings
    concerned; or
    (ii) when the aid is conditional on being partly or entirely passed on to primary producers;
    (d) aid favouring activities in the coal sector with the exception of training aid, research and development and innovation aid and environmental aid;
    (e) regional aid favouring activities in the steel sector;
    (f) regional aid favouring activities in the shipbuilding sector;
    (g) regional aid favouring activities in the synthetic fibres sector.
    4. This Regulation shall not apply to regional aid schemes which are targeted at specific sectors of economic activity within manufacturing or services. Schemes aimed at tourism activities are not considered targeted at specific sectors.
    5. This Regulation shall not apply to ad hoc aid granted to large enterprises, except as provided for in Article 13(1).
    6. This Regulation shall not apply to the following aid:
    (a) aid schemes which do not explicitly exclude the payment of individual aid in favour of an undertaking which is subject to an outstanding recovery order following a previous
    Commission Decision declaring an aid illegal and incompatible with the common market;
    (b) ad hoc aid in favour of an undertaking which is subject to an outstanding recovery order following a previous Commission Decision declaring an aid illegal and incompatible with the common market;
    (c) aid to undertakings in difficulty.